The Second International Milkfish Aquaculture Conference, sponsored by the Department and the International Development Research Centre of Canada, brought together some 200 scientists and technologists from Canada, U.S.A., Indonesia, Japan, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Past achievements, current problems and prospects of milkfish culture were discussed during the Conference held in lloilo City, Philippines on 4-8 October 1983. Eleven country and industry papers were discussed by resource persons from several Asian countries. Five special papers in various disciplines were also presented by scientists who have specialized in milkfish biology and culture. Twenty three oral and 21 poster presentations were made under five topics: artificial propagation, physiology, culture, nutrition and feed development, and pathology/ecology.